суббота, 29 августа 2020 г.

Elon Musk's Neuralink puts computer chips in pigs' brains

 Elon Musk's Neuralink puts computer chips in pigs' brains

The billionaire entrepreneur says the three pigs with implants are "healthy, happy and indistinguishable from a normal pig".

Neuralink unveils pig with computer chip in brain. Pic: Neuralink
Image:The chip may improve the understanding of neurological diseases by reading brain waves, researchers say. Pic: Neuralink
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A startup co-founded by Elon Musk has implanted new wireless technology into the brains of pigs with the aim of helping people with severe neurological conditions.

The billionaire entrepreneur said that the company, Neuralink, had three pigs with two coin-sized implants each.

He described them as "healthy, happy and indistinguishable from a normal pig".

Neuralink is able to predict the animals' limb movements during treadmill runs at "high accuracy" using the implant data, Mr Musk said.

He described the sensor - smaller than a fingertip - as "a Fitbit in your skull with tiny wires".

"I could have a Neuralink right now and you wouldn't know," he said mysteriously. "Maybe I do."

Elon Musk speaks onstage at Elon Musk Answers Your Questions! during SXSW at ACL Live on March 11, 2018 in Austin, Texas.
Image:Elon Musk has previously warned about the risks of artificial intelligence

The San Francisco-based company has sought approval from the US Food and Drug Administration for the project, which has seen scientists develop a tiny implant with more than 3,000 electrodes, attached to flexible threads measuring about the tenth of the size of a hair, and capable of monitoring around 1,000 neurons.

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It is hoped this could go some way towards finding a cure for neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's, dementia and spinal cord injuries.

Mr Musk said on Friday that the implantable device could "actually solve these problems", also mentioning memory loss, hearing loss, depression and insomnia.

Ultimately, it could also link humans with artificial intelligence.

Neuralink unveils pig with computer chip in brain. Pic: Neuralink
Image:Musk described the pigs as 'healthy, happy and indistinguishable from a normal pig'. Pic: Neuralink

Mr Musk has previously warned about the risks of artificial intelligence but on Friday he said the implant would "secure humanity's future as a civilisation relative to AI".

The first trials will focus on patients with paralysis or paraplegia, according to the company's head surgeon Dr Matthew MacDougall.

He did not say when the trials would start.

Most cutting-edge research into connecting brains and computers is done on animals, as safety challenges and regulatory hurdles prevent larger human trials.

Mr Musk said in 2019 that he was hoping to get regulatory approval for human trials by the end of this year.

While many scientists think reading and stimulating brain activity in humans is possible, they also agree the timeline given by Mr Musk is not.

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Красильщиков Аркадий - сын Льва. Родился в Ленинграде. 18 декабря 1945 г. За годы трудовой деятельности перевел на стружку центнеры железа,километры кинопленки, тонну бумаги, иссушил море чернил, убил четыре компьютера и продолжает заниматься этой разрушительной деятельностью.
Плюсы: построил три дома (один в Израиле), родил двоих детей, посадил целую рощу, собрал 597 кг.грибов и увидел четырех внучек..